It is due to diabetes and not witchcraft. Nerve damage is common in individuals with diabetes especially when the diabetes is of a long duration or the blood sugar level has been poorly controlled over time. Symptoms that can be experienced include numbness in the legs, feet and palms. Others are heat and peppery sensations all over the body. Pain in the thighs, legs and buttocks can also occur. There may also be wasting of the muscles in the hands and feet while some others can experience dizziness. Weakness of erection of the penis is also common in men with diabetic nerve damage while women complain of vaginal dryness. Some drugs have been found to be useful in treating nerve damage in people with diabetes, consult your Doctor on these.
Erectile dysfunction (inability to achieve and sustain erection adequate for sexual intercourse) occurs as a result of damage to the nerves to the penis as a result of diabetes. The longer the duration of the diabetes the more likely this is to happen. There is a group of drugs called Phosphodiesterase inhibitors currently used to treat this condition. Examples include Sildenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Tadalis) and Vardenafil (Levitra). Once your Doctor examines your heart and blood pressure and certifies you fit, the drug can be safely prescribed for you.
Diabetes is not infective, hence you need not fear. The conditions that predispose people to developing diabetes are called risk factors. The common risk factors for developing diabetes include family history of diabetes, obesity, advancing age more than 45 years, an inactive lifestyle, hypertension, use of medications like steroids and certain anti-hypertensive medications, elevated blood cholesterol level and a past history of gestational diabetes(diabetes during pregnancy). Thus your son may develop diabetes not because you have infected him but because he has inherited his genes from you which then put him at risk of developing diabetes. Your wife may also develop diabetes if she herself has a family history of diabetes or is obese and generally inactive.
It is not true. Insulin is the best treatment for diabetes. Millions of individuals with diabetes worldwide are currently using it to control their blood sugar levels. It is incorrect use of insulin that poses danger to individuals with diabetes as it may cause the blood sugar to go too low. While individuals with Type 1 diabetes require daily insulin injections to survive, those with Type 2 diabetes may need insulin injections in addition to the tablets they are using when the tablets are unable to control the blood sugar level. With proper education from the health workers caring for you, insulin can be safely used. There is thus no reason for you to be worried about insulin use.
Some steps that have been proven to be effective in preventing diabetes in individuals at risk of developing diabetes include the avoidance of excessive weight through active exercise and eating a healthy diet. A diet high in fruits, vegetables and fibres and low in refined food products, sugar and sugary drinks has been found beneficial. Exercising for at least thirty minutes a day for a minimum of four days in a week is advised. Apart from helping to reduce the risk of developing diabetes, exercise also keeps you fit.
Diabetes is an important cause of blindness worldwide. Individuals with diabetes of long duration have a higher risk of developing eye complications. It is thus strongly advised that individuals with diabetes have a thorough eye examination at least once a year. The major conditions that may affect the eyes of individuals with diabetes include cataract, glaucoma and retinopathy. Cataract is whitish discolouration of the lens of the eyes which can lead to visual blurring while glaucoma is an increase in pressure within the eyes which can lead to loss of vision. Retinopathy occurs when the tiny blood vessels in the inner part of the eye called the retina either become blocked or burst leading to visual problems like blurred or double vision, dark or floating spots and pain and pressure in one or both eyes. The risk of developing diabetes related eye disease can be reduced by keeping the blood sugar and blood pressure under control, keeping the cholesterol level under control, cessation of smoking and visiting an eye doctor at least once a year.
The commonest type of diabetes worldwide is called Type 2 diabetes. It occurs as a result of the inability of the chemical called insulin which normally controls the blood sugar level to function effectively. It is common in individuals with a family history of diabetes and in those who are overweight or obese. Type 1 diabetes is the second most common type of diabetes. Though it can occur at any age, it is most commonly seen in children and adolescents. It is due to loss of production of insulin due to damage to the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. Gestational diabetes is another type of diabetes. It is seen in pregnant women. It is temporary in that after delivery the blood sugar level returns to normal though the individual have a high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life if she becomes overweight and does not exercise and eat a healthful diet.
Diabetes can occur in any individual at any age but certain individuals have a higher risk of developing diabetes than others. The conditions that predispose people to developing diabetes are called risk factors. The common risk factors for developing diabetes include family history of diabetes, obesity, advancing age more than 45 years, an inactive lifestyle, hypertension, use of medications like steroids and certain anti-hypertensive medications, elevated blood cholesterol level and a past history of gestational diabetes(diabetes during pregnancy).