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About Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level becomes high either due to lack of production of insulin by the body or when the insulin is produced, it loses its effectiveness. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. If let untreated, diabetes can lead to many complications such as stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcer and damage to the eye.
There are typically two types of diabetes, i.e:

  • Type 1 Diabetes - the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. This is the most severe type of diabetes. It's sometimes called "juvenile" diabetes, because type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers, though it can develop at any age.

  • Type 2 Diabetes - the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. This is the most common type of diabetes. It is also called "adult onset" diabetes, since it typically develops after age 35. However, a growing number of younger people are now developing type 2 diabetes.

It is important to know the signs and symptoms of diabetes to detect the disease early and get it under control before any irreversible damage is done to the body. Recent studies indicate that early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the chance of developing complications from the disease.

Diabetes has often been referred to as a "silent disease" mainly because many people with Type 2 diabetes walk around with symptoms for many years, but are not diagnosed until they develop a complication of the disease, such as blindness, kidney disease, or heart disease. Diabetes is detected through a blood glucose test, and experts recommend that individuals over age 35 with a family history of diabetes or other risk factors (such as being overweight) should consider asking their physicians for a blood test annually. The earlier diabetes is detected, the earlier complications may be treated and/or prevented.

Regular exercise is a very important part of the treatment of diabetes.Individuals with diabetes should however consult with their healthcare providers before starting an exercise schedule. Diabetes and exercise go hand in hand, at least when it comes to managing your diabetes. Exercise can help you improve your blood sugar control, as well as boost your overall fitness and reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke.

Smoking is a health hazard for anyone, but for people with diabetes or a high risk of developing the disease, lighting up a cigarette can contribute to serious health complications. Cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of avoidable deaths worldwide while diabetes has become one of the leading causes of ill health and death worldwide. Smoking is also proven to be a risk factor for insulin resistance.

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