Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level becomes high either due to lack of production of insulin by the body or when the insulin is produced, it loses its effectiveness. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. If let untreated, diabetes can lead to many complications such as stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcer and damage to the eye. There are typically two types of diabetes, i.e:
Type 1 Diabetes - the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. This is the most severe type of diabetes. It’s sometimes called “juvenile” diabetes, because type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers, though it can develop at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes - the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. This is the most common type of diabetes. It is also called “adult onset” diabetes, since it typically develops after age 35. However, a growing number of younger people are now developing type 2 diabetes.